Hello my friends, the historical places in the world there are many of people don't knowing any thing about this places but we try to make people around the world know it.
This city there are many of people love to travel there because it has a beautiful climate in summer and in winter and beautiful places such as beautiful historical castle Qaitbay and his office in Alexandria and there is a large collection of books to speak all things
Alexandria is a port city on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great. It is most famous in antiquity as the site of the Pharos, the great lighthouse, considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, for the Temple of Serapis, the Serapion, which was part of the legendary library at Alexandria, as a seat of learning and, once, the largest and most prosperous city in the world. It also became infamous for the religious strife which resulted in the martyrdom of the philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria in 415 CE. The city grew from a small port town to become the grandest and most important metropolis in ancient Egypt.
THE FOUNDING OF THE CITY
After the invasion of Syria in 332 BC, Alexander the Great invaded Egypt with his army. Alexandria founded in the small coastal town of Rakotis by sea, and set the task of transforming it into a large capital. He is said to have designed a plan for the city which was much impressed later by the historian Strabo (63 BC-21C) who wrote,
The city has magnificent public suburbs and royal palaces covering a quarter or even a third of the entire area. As all of the kings, from the love of magnificence, add some decoration to the general monuments, so he will provide himself at his own expense with accommodation in addition to those already present. You can see all this by booking your holiday in Egypt with discounted rates and good hotel services from here Egypt travel packages
The palaces and grand homes Strabo mentions did not exist at the time Alexander founded the city. Although he was greatly admired by the Egyptians (and was even declared a demi-god by the Oracle at Siwa), Alexander left Egypt only a few months after his arrival to march on Tyre in Phoenicia. It was left to his commander, Cleomenes, to build the city Alexander had envisioned. While Cleomenes accomplished a great deal, the full expansion of Alexandria came under the rule of Alexander’s general Ptolemy and the rule of the Ptolemaic Dynasty (332-30 BCE) which followed. After Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, Ptolemy brought his body back to Alexandria to be entombed and, following the wars of the Diodachi, began rule of Egypt from Alexandria, supplanting the old capital of Memphis. Tyre had been an important city for trade and commerce in the region and, after its destruction by Alexander, Alexandria filled the void which had been left. Carthage (which largely became so prosperous owing to the sack of Tyre) was still a young port town when Alexandria began to thrive. The historian and scholar Mangasarian writes,
“Under the Ptolemies, a line of Greek kings, Alexandria soon sprang into eminence, and, accumulating culture and wealth, became the most powerful metropolis of the Orient. Serving as the port of Europe, it attracted the lucrative trade of India and Arabia. Its markets were enriched with the gorgeous silks and fabrics from the bazaars of the Orient. Wealth brought leisure, and it, in turn, the arts. It became, in time, the home of a wonderful library and schools of philosophy, representing all the phases and the most delicate shades of thought. At one time it was the general belief that the mantle of Athens had fallen upon the shoulders of Alexandria.